new summer palace
In 1860, the French and British looted the Summer Palace at the end of the Second Opium War and on October 18, 1860 the British burned down the nearby Old Summer Palace (called the Yuanmingyuan in Chinese). In the beginning of the reign of the Qianlong Emperor (r. 1735-1796), many imperial gardens were built in the area around present-day Beijing's Haidian District and accordingly, water consumption increased tremendously. The yellow glass used is energetic and graceful; the green glass instills life; the purple glass repels ghosts and evil spirits. The temple fell into disrepair over the years and was abandoned, and the area around the hill became lush with vegetation. Dowager Empress Cixi took up permanent residence there for a time, giving rise to some wonderful tales of extravagance and excess. Between 1884–95, during the reign of the Guangxu Emperor (r. 1875–1908), Empress Dowager Cixi ordered 22 million silver taels, originally designated for upgrading the Qing navy (the Beiyang Fleet), to be used for reconstructing and enlarging the Summer Palace to celebrate her 60th birthday. Although only a display, it shows the solemnity of the ceremony. In the early Qing dynasty, Jar Hill served as the site for horse stables in the imperial palace. Get to know more about the location of Summer Palace, the transportation ways and guidance,etc. Longevity Hill rises beside the lake, dotted with superb halls and temples, and wonderfully decorated gates. ", Learn how and when to remove this template message, Central Party School of the Communist Party of China, The palace of shame that makes China angry, "Summer Palace Marble Boat - Beijing Summer Palace, Yiheyuan", Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, Royal and noble ranks of the Qing dynasty, Convention Between Great Britain and China Respecting Tibet, Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory, Banknotes of the Ta-Ching Government Bank, Imperial Edict of the Abdication of the Qing Emperor, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Summer_Palace&oldid=984274325, Major National Historical and Cultural Sites in Beijing, Articles needing additional references from April 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing translation from Chinese Wikipedia, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. See all 850 Summer Palace (Yiheyuan) tickets and tours on Tripadvisor. "Summer Palace" in Simplified (top) and Traditional (bottom) Chinese characters, E. W. R. Lumby, "Lord Elgin and the Burning of the Summer Palace.
At the time, much of the water stored in the Western Lake came from the freshwater spring on Jade Spring Hill, while a fraction came from the Wanquan River (萬泉河). Scenic areas, such as the Justice and Honour Hall and Jiuzhou Qing Banq, and the scenic area of the Jiuzhou palace banquet of the Qing Dynasty, have a solemn and square layout, displaying the imposing air of the royal family or the refined disposition of the beauties in the harem of the Qing Dynasty. In 1912, following the abdication of the Puyi, the Last Emperor, the Summer Palace became the private property of the former imperial family of the Qing Empire.
The centrepiece of the Summer Palace was the "Great Temple of Gratitude and Longevity" (大報恩延壽寺).
21km away from downtown Beijing, Summer Palace is accessible by bus and metro from Beijing Airport and attractions in the city center (Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Wangfujing). In 1900, towards the end of the Boxer Rebellion, the Summer Palace suffered damages again when the forces of the Eight-Nation Alliance destroyed the imperial gardens and seized many artifacts stored in the palace.
There was also a Long Corridor more than 700 metres long which was furnished with artistic decorations. The palace was restored two years later. These performances highlight episodes such as "The Crossroads", "Stealing Immortal Herbs", "Wu Song Passing the Inn at the Shizipo Slope" and ”Uproar In Heaven", among others – all of which are sure to win your praise. In the Court area, near the East Palace Gate, are the palace buildings where Dowager Empress Cixi and Emperor Guangxu used to stay and conduct government business. Here is one of our most popular tour plans including the Summer Palace: Contact us to tell your requirements and ideas, The Old Summer Palace - “the Versailles of the East”, The Forbidden City, Beijing — All You Want to Know. Besides, many architectural features in the palace were also built to resemble or imitate various attractions around China.
The destruction of the palace was ordered by Lord Elgin, the British High Commissioner to China, and was undertaken in response to the torture and killing of two British envoys, a journalist for The Times, and their escorts. The white marble walls and the exquisite decorations of the interior hall make you feel as if you were in an ancient European palace. Most of the important buildings were built along the north–south axis of Longevity Hill, which is divided into the front hill and the back hill. It declared the Summer Palace "a masterpiece of Chinese landscape garden design. He ordered the construction of a palace in the Fragrant Hills and Jade Spring Hill in the northwest of Beijing. So the Chinese name ‘Nourishing Peace Garden’ is apt. It is the key landscape feature of the Summer Palace, together with Longevity Hill. UNESCO reported that the Summer Palace is "a masterpiece of Chinese landscape garden design”.
He renamed Jar Hill to "Golden Hill" (金山) and named the lake "Golden Sea" (金海).
The origins of the Summer Palace date back to the Jurchen-led Jin dynasty in 1153, when the fourth ruler, Wanyan Liang (r. 1150–1161), moved the Jin capital from Huining Prefecture (in present-day Acheng District, Harbin, Heilongjiang) to Yanjing (present-day Beijing). Bridges, boats, willows, lotus flowers, and other attractive landscaping make this a pleasant place to soak up the atmosphere and in the views. The three lakes served not only as a reservoir for the imperial gardens, but also a source of water for the surrounding agricultural areas.
Built of the same size as the burned down Summer Palace in Beijing, the New Summer Palace in Zhuhai reflects numerous scenic spots with its old construction style combined with modern features.
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